Activity 1: Formative Assessment
- What were the aims of the Soviet Union following World War II?
- To extend freedom to the nations they liberated
- To control nations they liberated to make Russia more secure
- To support international law and decisions of the United Nations
- To help people in Europe recover from the damages caused by World War II
- Why did the United States decide to try to make Germany a strong state in Europe after World War II?
- To check the power of the Soviet Union
- To check the power of France and Great Britain
- To help Germany in its efforts to invade the Soviet Union
- To help Germany in its efforts to carry out the “Final Solution”
- What did both United States and Soviet leaders fear might happen during the days of the Cuban Missile Crisis?
- Cuba might be destroyed
- Millions of people would die in a nuclear war
- Spies from each country might discover important secrets
- Cuba might become an enemy of both the United States and Soviet Union
- How did atomic bombs affect world politics during the Cold War?
- They made it more likely that nations that had them would go to war
- They helped the Soviet Union to spread communism throughout the world
- They saved a lot of money, because atomic weapons are cheaper than armies
- They caused the United States and Soviet Union to avoid war with each other
- Analyze the photograph below and then answer the questions.
A wall was built in Berlin in 1961.
a. Who built it?
b. Explain why it was built.
c. Explain how it affected people’s lives in Germany.
- Describe the Warsaw Pact, its goals, primary leader nation, and at least three member nations.