Questions, Comments, or Corrections? Let us know!

Lesson Plans – Grades 8,9,10

    No Plans Available

Transitions for All Students

Career Development Supports Transitions for All Students

Successful Student Transitions are Vital to:

  • Nebraska Schools including Special Education
  • Nebraska VR (Vocational Rehabilitation)

Throughout a student’s time in school, many changes or transitions occur.  Students are to adapt to new teachers, new classrooms, new buildings, new schedules and responsibilities while at the same time master higher levels of academic difficulty. Students face challenges at each level of academic development, career development and social/emotional development while in school.

Schools can offer focused support to mitigate transition challenges by informing and preparing students of new expectations, how to adjust to new environments and navigate confidently to each new level toward college and career readiness.  In fact, transitions is a part of school accountability in Nebraska.

What do Nebraska schools and Nebraska VR need to know?

The Nebraska Career Development model including self-awareness, career exploration and planning can directly fit into a transitions program toward college and career readiness.  The model is complimentary to positive transitions for all students.  Nebraska VR and NDE Special Education offer enhanced transitions services for students with disabilities.  It is an effective strategy with intentional focus on strengths of students, then leveraging strengths to overcome obstacles standing in the way to achieving goals.

Seamless college and career transitions are essential for all however students with disabilities have more considerations.

Individuals with disabilities will additionally need to plan for:

  • Benefits planning in relationship to career choices
  • Communicating their disability-related work support and accommodation needs
  • How to find and formally request support or accommodations in education, training and employment settings1

Career and education planning is not just an option provided to students with special services, but it is a requirement based on the law.  Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) requires Nebraska VR to coordinate with schools to offer Pre-Employment Transitions Services.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) mandates students who qualify for Special Education services have an Individual Education Plan (IEP) to guide learning, career planning and transitions.

Nebraska VR

Nebraska VR transition personnel pro­vide transition related services including Pre-Employment Transition Services for students with disabilities throughout the state.  For more information please refer to: http://www.vr.nebraska.gov/students/for_schools.html

Nebraska VR staff will be available, in part­nership with schools, to provide and sup­plement the following Pre-Employment Transition Services:

  1. Job exploration counseling;
  2. Workplace readiness training to develop social skills and independent living;
  3. Work-based learning experiences which may include in-school or after-school opportunities or outside the traditional school setting (including internships) are provided in an integrated environment to the maximum extent possible;
  4. Counseling on opportunities for enrollment in postsecondary educational programs at institutions of higher education; and
  5. Instruction in self-advocacy, which may include peer mentoring.

Nebraska VR staff members provide Pre-Employment Transition Services to students who are eligible or potentially eligible for VR services.

Students in high school typically begin working with Nebraska VR during the second semester of their sophomore year. Students typically receive pre-employment transition services under a potentially eligible category with a signed Pre-Employment Consent and Release form. More individualized services require an application for VR services.

Student with a disability:

  • 14-21
  • Eligible for and receiving special education services under an IEP
  • Student receiving services under a Section 504 Plan
  • Students with a disability not receiving services under an IEP or 504 Plan

 Potentially eligible:

  • Students with a disability who have not yet applied or been made eligible for VR services
  • Students with a signed Pre – Employment   Transition   Services Consent and Release form

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

IDEA mandates students who qualify for Special Education services have an Individual Education Plan (IEP) to guide learning, career planning and transitions.

Specific documentation of transition planning services in the Individual Education Program (IEP) is required for students verified with disabilities beginning no later than age 16 and younger if deemed appropriate by the IEP team.  It may be beneficial to reference 92 NAC 51 (Rule 51).  Visit the Nebraska Department of Education website for Transition at: https://transition.ne.gov.  The U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) collects data from every state education agency to ensure that all students are receiving career based planning through the National Technical Assistance Center on Transition (NTACT) at: https://transitionta.org

Protected: Lesson Plans

This content is password protected. To view it please enter your password below:

Family Engagement

Research indicates:

  • Families find career development experiences to be valuable
  • Families report feeling a stronger positive regard for the school
  • Families report developing stronger relationships with their children as a result of the career development process1

Active family engagement has a direct positive influence on student college and career readiness.  Families who learn about career development are better at supporting their child in recognizing interests, strengths, assist goal setting and building a Personal Learning Plan.

What do Nebraska schools and Nebraska VR need to know?

Families, schools, Nebraska VR, business/industry and community stakeholders need strong working partnerships for a successful career development program.  Consistently, students rank parents/families at the top of the list for their main source of information for college and careers.  As that may be true, it is imperative that families know sources of correct information.  Use and share research based models plus current, valid, and reliable career information with families and everyone who is teaching or mentoring students. Incorrect information is harmful when making any career decisions.

Communication, teamwork, and sharing valid information needs to start early and often. Together with input from families, design system family involvement strategies throughout PreK-12+.

Offer families ways to support their student in the Nebraska Career Development Model of: self-awareness, career exploration and career planning.   

  1. Self-Awareness
    • Nebraska Career Readiness Standards
    • Career and Academic Assessment
  2. Career Exploration
    • Nebraska Career Education
    • Labor Market Information
    • Workplace Learning Experiences
  3. Career Planning and Management
    • College and Career Options
    • Personal Learning Plans and Portfolios

All youth need the support of parents, family members and other caring adults to achieve career goals.  Additional considerations for families of students with disabilities are:

  • Understanding the disability and how it may affect education, employment and daily living options.
  • Knowledge of rights and responsibilities included in disability-related legislation.
  • Knowledge of equal access to programs, services, supports, and accommodations.2

Reality Check

Guiding your student to career success.

Citations

  1. National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability (NCWD), Families and College and Career Readiness: What Schools Can Do to Engage Families in the Individualized Learning Plan Process.
    http://www.ncwd-youth.info/families-and-college-and-career-readiness
  1. NCWD, Youth Guideposts for Success:
    http://www.ncwd-youth.info/sites/default/files/page/2009/02/guideposts_0.pdf

Family Engagement

Research indicates:

  • Families find career development experiences to be valuable
  • Families report feeling a stronger positive regard for the school
  • Families report developing stronger relationships with their children as a result of the career development process1

Active family engagement has a direct positive influence on student college and career readiness.  Families who learn about career development are better at supporting their child in recognizing interests, strengths, assist goal setting and building a Personal Learning Plan.

What do Nebraska schools and Nebraska VR need to know?

Families, schools, Nebraska VR, business/industry and community stakeholders need strong working partnerships for a successful career development program.  Consistently, students rank parents/families at the top of the list for their main source of information for college and careers.  As that may be true, it is imperative that families know sources of correct information.  Use and share research based models plus current, valid, and reliable career information with families and everyone who is teaching or mentoring students. Incorrect information is harmful when making any career decisions.

Communication, teamwork, and sharing valid information needs to start early and often. Together with input from families, design system family involvement strategies throughout PreK-12+.

Follow the Nebraska Career Development Model of: self-awareness, career exploration and career planning.   

  1. Self-Awareness
    • Nebraska Career Readiness Standards
    • Career and Academic Assessment
  2. Career Exploration
    • Nebraska Career Education
    • Labor Market Information
    • Workplace Learning Experiences
  3. Career Planning and Management
    • College and Career Options
    • Personal Learning Plans and Portfolios

All youth need the support of parents, family members and other caring adults to achieve career goals.  Additional considerations for families of students with disabilities are:

  • Understanding the disability and how it may affect education, employment and daily living options.
  • Knowledge of rights and responsibilities included in disability-related legislation.
  • Knowledge of equal access to programs, services, supports, and accommodations.2

Citations

  1. National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability (NCWD), Families and College and Career Readiness: What Schools Can Do to Engage Families in the Individualized Learning Plan Process.
    http://www.ncwd-youth.info/families-and-college-and-career-readiness
  1. NCWD, Youth Guideposts for Success:
    http://www.ncwd-youth.info/sites/default/files/page/2009/02/guideposts_0.pdf

Career Exploration Resources

Career Clusters at-a-Glance

Career Ladder Posters – Nebraska Dept. of Labor

High Wage, High Demand, High Skill

The H3 website offers quick access to Nebraska’s “hot jobs”. This easy to understand labor market information is updated weekly.

Nebraska Career & Technical Student Organizations

Nebraska Career Cluster Tours

Nebraska Career Connections

Nebraska Career Education Model Posters

Career Cluster and Education Model posters in a variety of sizes.

Nebraska Reality Check

How much income do students need from a career? To help students determine income compared to desired standards of living; try Nebraska Reality Check, sponsored by EducationQuest Foundation.

NEworks

Nebraska Department of Labor website or app provides current job openings and labor market analysis facts, employment, wages and projections.

Teacher Discussion Guides for Nebraska Career Cluster Tours

Personal Learning Plans & Portfolios

A Personal Learning Plan (PLP) outlines coursework and activities to accomplish career goals.

Research studies by Rennie Center for Education Research & Policy1, NCWD/Youth2 and its partners indicate Personal Learning Plans are effective.  Students who were more engaged in PLP activities reported:

 

  • Stronger goal setting skills
  • Increased motivation to attend school
  • Increased self-efficacy which leads to better academic achievement, stress and health management and readiness to engage in career decision-making
  • Improved understanding of postsecondary options and long term planning
  • Improved school-family communication
  • Increased family involvement in academic/career planning
  • Increased awareness of strengths and weaknesses
  • Increased student selections of courses more relevant to career goals

Educators and family members highly value learning plans and believe that it helps students become more focused learners who complete more challenging coursework in order to reach their self-defined career and life goals. 1

What do Nebraska schools and Nebraska VR need to know?

Personal Learning Plans are created as part of the career development process.  Self-awareness and exploration is needed before a student can create a relevant, meaningful PLP.   The following terms are important to creating a common language:

  • A Personal Learning Plan is a planning document for academic, career & technical education, dual credit coursework, workplace learning and activities aligned to career goals.
  • A Portfolio is a collection of artifacts resulting from learning experiences of the PLP and the career development program.  Essential up-to-date documents such as PLP, resumes, applications, assessments, certifications, transcripts, examples of career readiness skills or references may be included.  An e-portfolio is helpful to being ready for new opportunities or career changes at a moment’s notice.

PLP / Portfolio strategies for schools identified by National Collaborative for Youth:

  • Begin at least by middle school continue through to postsecondary
  • Use an online career information system for digital PLP (i.e. NebraskaCareerConnections.org )
  • Focus on the quality of career development opportunities
  • Involve all faculty and have dedicated advisory time (i.e. teachers-as-advisors program)
  • Include opportunities for family to participate
  • Employ student-led parent/teacher conferences with PLP 2

A digital PLP is recommended for ease of access.  An online career information system provides career planning tools for PLP’s and e-portfolios.  Nebraska has a statewide career information system available free to individuals, schools and agencies to use:
Nebraska Career Connections

Career planning is an ongoing process as is education and selecting the right coursework and activities.  Personal Learning Plans are a method of planning for yearly or semester registration.  It is also a transitions planning tool for high school graduation and postsecondary entrance requirements.

PLP’s are flexible.  A student may find a career choice is not a good fit for them as they learn more about it.  If so, edit the PLP.  This is also part of learning in the career development process.  In fact, this would be an example of career development that is working!  It is best to find that right fit before it is costly in time and college tuition money by pursuing a career mismatch.

Student led parent teacher conferences is an effective strategy for schools to consider. Students prepare and lead the conference to verify goals and highlight progress on their PLP.  Family engagement is essential in the PLP process.  Coordinated planning and communication between student, home and school will surround students with a team of support to achieve their goals

Students with disabilities will also need to plan for:

  • Benefits planning in relationship to career choices
  • Communicating their disability-related work support and accommodation needs
  • How to find and formally request supports or accommodations in education, training and employment settings 3

Portfolios

A career portfolio of personal career information and job search documents including the PLP, resumes, references, certifications and work samples will keep one organized.   Portfolios with easy access is important to being able to apply for career opportunities in a moment’s notice, which is needed in today’s work environment.

All students benefit from career development resulting in a plan and portfolio to guide them through high school graduation and beyond to their postsecondary pathway of higher education, employment, military or entrepreneurship.

Citations

  1. Rennie Center for Education Research & Policy (2011)
    http://www.renniecenter.org/research/StudentLearningPlans.pdf
  2. National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability for Youth (2013)
    http://www.ncwd-youth.info/ilp/how-to-guide
  3. NCWD Youth Guideposts for Success:
    http://www.ncwd-youth.info/sites/default/files/page/2009/02/guideposts_0.pdf

College & Career Options

Immersing a school in rich career development experiences for a wide variety of career options opens up a world of possibilities for every student. Life-long learning is necessary for long-term career success and is essential for student growth. This growth begins in elementary school and continues throughout adulthood.

What do Nebraska schools and Nebraska VR need to know?

 Student self-confidence in their abilities to succeed after high school can be encouraged early in their education. By creating a postsecondary going culture, all students will have the necessary vocabulary and skills needed to pursue education and training confidently after high school.

Awareness of postsecondary education, training and career options doesn’t just happen, it needs to be integrated into the culture of a school.  It takes intentional school-wide planning to develop this culture at every grade level.  Through embedding college and career vocabulary, experiences and expectations into every aspect of the school, students see that planning for after high school isn’t just an option but is rather an expectation. The Nebraska Career Development Model provides the framework for school-wide planning.

Defining “college and career options to include all varieties of postsecondary education and training” is essential as students begin their career journey.  In our current economy, it is important to dispel the myth that everyone must take the same path to career success.  All options are a way to learn and gain skills.  Different career goals require different preparation.

When a student is well versed in career planning, that student can confidently pursue the most appropriate and best-fitting option to their strengths and career goals.  All postsecondary options are to be explored, including:

Entrepreneurship

Employment

On-the Job Training

Military

Certifications

Diplomas

Apprenticeships

Associate Degree

Bachelor’s Degree

Specialist’s Degree

Master’s Degree

Doctoral Degree

Workplace learning experiences bring postsecondary career options to real life.  Seeing varieties of workplaces help student’s more fully understand the plethora of options that are available. Career demonstrations, businesses tours, and introductions to entrepreneurs in business start-up environments will provide knowledge of employment, entrepreneurship and opportunities for on-the-job training.  U.S. Military has online information on career options and representatives are often willing to visit your school.

Starting in elementary grades students start to explore careers in their community.  Soon students can begin to see the impact that education has on career preparation. Higher education vocabulary is to be taught at the appropriate developmental level and should begin in kindergarten. Learning vocabulary such as transcripts, credits, GPA, tuition, admission, internship, application, certification, diploma, associate degree, bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, doctorate, major and financial aid is the beginning to building awareness about all education and training options.

Campus visits are essential in developing knowledge of different career preparation at community colleges, technical colleges and 4- year colleges or universities. In elementary schools, virtual tours are a possibility. At the junior high, college visits make college a reality. EducationQuest offers the 8th Grade Campus Visit Grant, which provides $500 to schools to facilitate a college visit experience. The campus visit is an influential factor in promoting college attendance. A campus visit each year of high school is highly recommended.

College and career celebrations build a postsecondary-going culture in all schools. College/Career Days can be celebrated with all faculty and staff sharing their college and career preparation stories. Trivia contests about college knowledge peeks the interest of students, especially when donated prizes from various postsecondary campuses are given away. Teachers wearing college gear and demonstrating career skills learned, helps keep the conversation alive. Signs outside of every teacher’s door, which showcase the degrees earned at each institution, help to bring the postsecondary options and planning conversation into the classroom.

EducationQuest, a non-profit organization with a mission to improve access to higher education in Nebraska, offers free college planning services, outreach services, need-based scholarship programs and college access grants. EducationQuest offers a variety of resources to help schools create a college-going culture and educate families about the financial aid process.

EducationQuest sponsors the annual Apply2College campaign in which Nebraska high schools conduct events during the school day to help seniors complete college applications.

Teaching the four types of financial aid as early as middle school and junior high teaches students the vocabulary needed to navigate scholarship applications and the FAFSA. Students need to learn early about scholarships and the opportunities available to help make college a reality for all students including students with disabilities. EducationQuest resources are essential for students to have.

Look2College provides 6th grade students with considerations to help them get on the path to college to prepare for career choices.

KnowHow2GO promotes four steps 8th-10th grade students should follow to make college possible in career preparation.

College Prep Handbook College and Career exploration information for 11th and 12th graders.

College Planning for Students with Disabilities provides a supplement to the college prep handbook.

Workplace Experiences

What do Nebraska schools and Nebraska VR need to know?

Education does not only occur within the walls of the typical classroom or laboratory.  A well-run school utilizes the extended campus of community including business and industry.  Quality workplace experiences enable the school to effectively partner with the community to enhance the educational experiences of students.  Workplace Experiences in authentic work settings are encouraged at all levels of education, PreK -12 and beyond.

Work experience is widely recognized to promote improved employment outcomes for disadvantaged youth. Yet, youth with disabilities have disproportionately low access to work experience in comparison to youth without disabilities. This is particularly troublesome given that paid employment and work experience is only one of four evidence-based predictors of success in post-secondary education, employment, and independent living for youth with disabilities.2 NCE-Nebraska Career Education and career development is inclusive of all students.

The Nebraska Workplace Experiences Continuum

The Nebraska Workplace Experiences Continuum illustrates how learning experiences become more focused as a student progresses through their education.  The Nebraska Workplace Experiences Continuum is organized into three levels of strategies and can be found at www.nebraskaworkplaceexperiences.com  :

Work Awareness Strategies acquaint students with the world of work and potential career options available. These are usually school-based instructional assignments but should also encourage the student to explore careers in their local and regional communities.

Work Exploration Strategies deepen a student’s experiences with workplaces through contextual settings. These strategies connect the student with workers and workplaces through carefully designed interactions.

Work-Based Learning Strategies provide actual supervised on-the-job experiences for students to continue to develop their academic, technical and career readiness skills.

Quality Workplace Experiences have:

  • A focus on applied learning in preparation for postsecondary education and careers
  • Learning outcomes as the driver for designing experiences and learning plans
  • Relevance to student interests, their plan of study and learning goals
  • Integration with curriculum or connection to related instruction
  • Sufficient variety to provide exposure to multiple career options
  • Sufficient depth to allow for employability skill development
  • Ongoing interaction with professionals from industry and the community
  • Close supervision from both teachers and employers
  • Opportunities for reflection and analysis
  • Assessment of student learning that is aligned with industry-specific expectations
  • Alignment with postsecondary and career opportunities regionally
  • Documentation of student learning through the development of artifacts and portfolios

Learn more about Nebraska Workplace Experiences:

http://www.nebraskaworkplaceexperiences.com

Experience virtual industry tours that provide a unique opportunity to get a glimpse inside Nebraska-based industries without leaving your home or classroom:

http://www.nebraskacareerclusters.com

Labor Market Information

What do Nebraska schools and Nebraska VR need to know?

Labor Market information provides:

  • Education and training requirements
  • Projected job opportunities
  • Wage information

Up-to-date labor market information about occupations, training requirements and wages is crucial in order to make important life decisions about career goals. Labor market information is based on data gathered directly from employers, business and industry. The cost of time and education compared to the amount of entry wages is a big consideration before making decisions.  Labor market information can help provide reasonable expectations of job openings and wages when entering work.

Career goals fall short if there are no job opportunities. During the career development process, individuals need to consider the labor market. The reality is, sometimes career dreams and goals may need to be modified to fit the economy and labor market demand.

What is LMI?

 Labor Market Information
Nebraska Department of   Labor (NDOL)

NDOL collects and disseminates information about employment levels and trends, wages and earning, estimates of labor availability, industrial and occupational projections, business staffing patterns, career planning information and labor force demographics. This data is used to describe a local area’s economic picture which impacts social, fiscal, technological and economic policies, employer hiring and other business decisions, allocation of funds by policy makers, individual career choices and educational programs.

Sources of Nebraska Labor Market Information

To provide our state with current, valid and reliable labor market and career information these resources are available across Nebraska at no charge to the school, agency or individual user:

The H3 website offers quick access to Nebraska’s “hot jobs”. This easy to understand labor market information is updated weekly. For more information, visit:

H3.ne.gov

Nebraska Department of Labor website or app provides current job openings and labor market analysis facts, employment, wages and projections. For more information, visit:

https://neworks.nebraska.gov/vosnet/

How much income do students need from a career? To help students determine income compared to desired standards of living; try Nebraska Reality Check, sponsored by EducationQuest Foundation. For more information, visit:

www.educationquest.org/realitycheck

Nebraska Reality check utilizes Nebraska Labor Market Information

Labor market information for Nebraska and nationwide is within this online comprehensive career information system. Additionally, it includes valuable tools for all phases of career awareness, exploration, planning and management including PLP and portfolio development for student and adult use. For more information, visit:

www.NebraskaCareerConnections.org

Career ladder posters demonstrate a career path that could be pursued to acquire a high-skill, high-paying occupation with growth potential in Nebraska. Each poster focuses on twelve in- demand occupations within a specific career cluster.

For NE LMI posters and publications, visit:

https://neworks.nebraska.gov/gsipub/index.asp?docid=417#CLP