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Safe and Drug-Free Schools: Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs
Facts about alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs

Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Matrix

The following matrix provides information about common drugs, slang names, how the drug is consumed, the effects of using the drug, and other facts about the drug. Links are provided to pages with additional information about some of the most common drugs.

The following table identifies drugs of abuse and the effects they may have on users.

Drug Category
Drug Name
Other
Slang Names
How
Consumed
Effects
Facts
Depressant          

 

Alcohol

Beer, wine, liquor, cooler, malt liquor, booze

Orally

Addiction (alcoholism)
. Dizziness
. Slurred speech
. Disturbed sleep
. Nausea
. Vomiting
. Hangovers
. Impaired motor skills
. Violent behavior
. Impaired learning
. Fetal alcohol syndrome
. Respiratory depression & death
(with high doses)

 

Stimulants

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amphetamines

Speed, uppers, ups, hearts, pep pills,
black beauties, bumble bees, benzedrine,
dexedrine, footballs, biphetimine, copilots

Orally, injected, snorted, or smoked

Addiction
. Irritability
. Anxiety
. Increased blood pressure
. Paranoia/psychosis
. Depression
. Aggression
. Convulsions
. Dilated pupils/blurred vision
. Dizziness
. Sleeplessness
. Loss of appetite; malnutrition
. Increased body temperature
. Increased risk of exposure to HIV, hepatitis, other infectious diseases

Chronic use can induce psychosis with such symptoms as paranoia and visual/ auditory hallucinations

 

Methamphetamine

Speed, meth crank, crystal, ice, fire, croak, crypto, white cross, glass

Orally, injected, snorted, or smoked

Addiction
. Irritability
. Anxiety
. Increased blood pressure
. Paranoia/psychosis
. Aggression
. Nervousness
. Compulsive behavior
. Stroke
. Depression
. Convulsions
. Heart/blood vessel toxicity
. Insomnia
. Loss of appetite; malnutrition
. Hallucinations
. Formication (the sensation of insects
crawling on or under the skin)
. Increased risk of exposure to HIV,
hepatitis, other infectious diseases

Some users avoid sleep for 3 to 15 days.

"Ice" is the street name for smokeable methamphetamine

 

Ecstasy
(methylenedioxy amphetamine)

XTC, Adam, MDMA,

Orally

. Psychiatric disturbances, including panic, anxiety, depression, paranoia
. Muscle tensions
. Nausea
. Blurred vision
. Sweating
. Increased heart rate and blood pressure
. Tremors
. Hallucinations
. Reduced appetite
. Sleep problems
. Fainting
. Chills

Ecstasy is popular at all-night underground
dance parties ("raves") and is the
most common "designer drug."

 

RITALIN(methylphenidate)

Speed, west coast
NOTE: Ritalin is a legally prescribed medication for treating Attention Deficit Disorder/hyperactivity, but is sold and abused as a street drug.

Tablet crushed, the injected or snorted

. Loss of appetite
. Fevers, convulsions, severe headaches
. Increased risk of exposure to HIV, hepatitis and other infectious diseases when injected
. Irregular heartbeat and respiration
. Paranoia, hallucinations, delusions
. Excessive repetition of movements and meaningless tasks
. Tremors, muscle twitching

Some children buy or steal the drug from their classmates.

 

HERBAL ECSTACY/
EPHEDRINE

Herbal Ecstacy (sic), Cloud 9, Rave Energy, Ultimate Xphoria, X

Orally

. Increased heart rate and blood pressure
. Seizures
. Heart attacks
. Stroke
. Death

The active ingredients in Herbal Ecstacy are caffeine and ephedrine.

 

Designer Drugs (Fentanyl-based)

Synthetic heroin, goodfella

Injected, sniffed or smoked

. Instant respiratory paralysis
. Potency creates strong possibility of overdose
. Increased risk of exposure to HIV, hepatitis and other infectious diseases when injected
. Many of the same effects as heroin

Designer drugs are created by changing the molecular structure of an existing drug to create a new substance.

 

GHB (Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid)

Liquid ecstasy, somatomax, scoop, Grievous Bodily Harm, liquid x, Georgia Home Boy, goop

Snorted, orally, smoked, mixed into drinks

. Liver failure
. Vomiting
. Tremors
. Seizures
. Comas
. Fatal respiratory problems

Sometimes the user transports the drug in empty hotel shampoo or eye-dropper bottles.

 

COCAINE

Coke, snow, nose candy, flake, blow, big C, lady, white, snowbirds

Snorted or dissolved in water and injected

. Addiction (alcoholism)
. Pupil dilation
. Elevated blood pressure and heart rate
. Increased respiratory problems
. Increased risk of exposure to HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases when injected
. Paranoia
. Seizures
. Heart attack
. Respiratory failure
. Constricted peripheral blood vessels
. Restlessness, irritabilty, anxiety
. Loss of appetite
. Tactile hallucinations
. Increased body temperature
. Death from overdose

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive drug. Heavy use can produce hallucinations, insomnia, paranoia, aggression, depression.

 

CRACK

Rock, freebase

Heated and smoked in a pipe

. Same as cocaine

A cheaper form of cocaine that may bemore addicting.

Opiates/
Opiate Like

 

 

 

 

 

 

HEROIN

Smack, horse, mud, brown sugar, junk, black tar, big H, dope

Injected, snorted, or smoked

. Addiction
. Slowed and slurred speech
. Slow gait
. Constricted pupils, droopy eyelids, impaired night vision
. Vomiting after first use and at very high doses
. Decreaed sexual pleasure or indifference to sex
. Reduced appetite
. Constipation
. Nodding off (at high doses)
. Respiratory depression or failure
. Increased risk of exposure to HIV, hepatitis, other infectious diseases
. Dry, itching skin and skin infections
. Death from overdose

Heroin users quickly develop a tolerance to the drug and need increasing amounts to get the same effects or to feel well.

 

ROHYPNOL (Flunitrazepam)

Roach, roofies, the forget pill, rope, rophies, ruffies, R2, foofenol, la roche, rib

Orally

. Addiction
. Blackouts with a complete loss of memory
. A sense of fearlessness and aggression
. Dizziness and disorientation
. Nausea
. Difficulty with motor movements and speaking

Referred to as the "date rape drug," Rohypnol creates a drunk feeling that lasts 2 to 8 hours.

 

"SPECIAL K" (Ketamine Hydrochloride)

Vitamin K, new ecstasy, psychedelic heroin, Ketalar, Ketaject, Super-K, breakfast cereal

Smoked or snorted

. Delirium
. Amnesia
. Impaired motor function
. Potentially fatal
respiratory problems

Popular at raves. Used as an anesthetic for animals

Hallucinogens

 

 

 

 

 

 

PCP (Phencyclidine)

Angel dust, ozone, rocket fuel, dust, peace pill, elephant tranquilizer

Orally, injected, snorted, or smoked

. Hallucinations
. "Out-of-body" experiences
. Anxiety
. Impaired motor coordination
. Inability to feel physical pain
. Respiratory attack
. Depression
. Anxiety
. Disorientation
. Fear, panic, paranoia
. Aggressive behavior and violence
. Increased risk of exposure to HIV,
hepatitis, other infectious diseases
. Death

Marijuana joints can be dipped into PCP without the smoker's knowledge

 

LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide)

Acid, microdot, tabs, doses, trips, hits, sugar cubes

Tabs taken orally; gel/liquid put in eyes

. Elevated body temperature and blood pressure
. Suppressed appetite
. Sleeplessness
. Tremors
. Chronic recurring hallucinations

LSD is the most common hallucinogen. LSD tabs are often decorated with colorful designs or cartoon characters.

 

MUSHROOMS (Psilocybin)

Shrooms, caps, magic mushrooms

Eaten or brewed and drunk as tea

. Increased blood pressure
. Sweating
. Nausea
. Hallucinations

Many mushroom users purchase Hallucinogenic mushroom spores via mail order.

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOBACCO

Smoke, bone, butt, coffin nail, cancer stick; cigarettes, cigars, pipes, smokeless tobacco

Smoked, chewed, dipped

. Addiction
. Heart and cardiovascular disease
. Cancer of the lung, larynx, esophagus, bladder, pancreas, kidney and mouth
. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis
. Spontaneous abortion, pre-term delivery and low birth weight

Considered a gate-way drug.

 

MARIJUANA or
HASHISH

Weed, pot, reefer, grass, dope, ganja, Mary Jane, sinsemilla, herb, Aunt Mary, skunk, boom, kif, gangster, chronic, 420

Smoked or eaten

. Bloodshot eyes
. Dry mouth and throat
. Impaired or reduced comprehension
. Altered sense of time
. Reduced ability to perform tasks requiring concentration and coordination
. Paranoia
. Intense anxiety or panic attacks
. Altered cognition, making acquisition of new information difficult
. Impairments in learning, memory, perception and judgement-difficulty speaking, listening effectively, thinking, retaining knowledge, problem solving, and forming concepts

The average age for first use is 14. Look for homemade pipes/bongs made from soda cans or plastic bottles.

 

INHALANTS

Nitrous oxide, laughing gas, whippets, aerosol sprays, cleaning fluids, solvents

Vapors are inhaled

. Headache, abdomina l pain, muscle weakness
. Severe mood swings and violent behavior
. Numbness and tingling of hands/feet
. Decrease or loss of sense of smell
. Nausea
. Nosebleeds
. Liver, lung and kidney damage
. Dangerous chemical imbalances
. Fatigue, lack of coordination
. Loss of appetite
. Decreases in heart and respiratory rates
. Hepatitis or peripheral neuropathy from long-time use

Hundreds of legal household products can be sniffed (or "huffed") to get high. All inhalants can be toxic.

 

STEROIDS

 

Roids, juice

Orally or injected into muscle

. Liver cancer
. Sterility
. Masculine traits in women and feminine traits in men
. Aggression
. Depression
. Acne
. Mood swings

Steroid users subject themselves to more
than 70 potentially harmful side effects

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